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United Nations Day 10/24

Woodrow Wilson went to Paris in 1919 to create the League of Nations and shape the Treaty of Versailles, with special attention on creating new nations out of defunct empires.  The league faltered during the 1930s and was largely defunct from 1937-1943.

At the 1943 Tehran Conference, the World War II Allied Powers agreed to create a new body to replace the League: the United Nations (UN).

United Nations peacekeeping was developed as a way to resolve conflicts between states by deploying unarmed or lightly armed military personnel from a number of countries, under UN command, to areas where warring parties needed of a neutral party to help with the peace process. Peacekeepers could be called in when the major international powers (the five permanent members of the Security Council) tasked the UN with bringing closure to conflicts threatening regional stability and international peace and security.

Since 1948, close to 130 nations have contributed military and civilian police personnel to peace operations. As of February 2009, there have been 63 UN peacekeeping operations since 1948, with sixteen operations ongoing.

The United States military has worked United Nations forces.  For example, in 1992, the United States deployed US armed forces to Somalia in response to a humanitarian crisis and a UN Security Council Resolution determining that the situation constituted a threat to international peace. US forces continued to participate in the successor United Nations Operation in Somalia, which the UN Security Council authorized to assist Somalia in political reconciliation and restoration of peace.

For further reading on the US military and the UN, you can check out “Peacekeeping, peacemaking and peace-enforcement: The U.S. role in the new international order” or “The Army and Multinational Peace Operations: Problems and Solutions.”

Posted in This Day In History.

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  1. World Spinner linked to this post on October 25, 2010

    United Nations Day 10/24 – CECOM Historical Office…

    Here at World Spinner we are debating the same thing……